about tiger
 
 
distribution
taxonomy
tiger habitat

 

about tiger

Tigers are the biggest cats in the world. They live in wet, humid and hot jungles as well as icy cold forests. There are five different kinds or subspecies of tiger which are still alive today. These tigers are called Siberian, Indochinese, South China, Bengal, and Sumatran. Their Latin name is Panthera tigris. Tigers are an endangered species; only about 4,870 to 7,300 tigers are left in the wild. Three tiger subspecies, which are now extinct are: the Bali, Javan, and Caspian tigers. They have become so over the last 70 years..People admire the tiger for its strength and beauty, but they fear it because they are known to kill human beings, yet almost all-wild tigers avoid people. Probably only 3 or 4 out of every 1000 tigers eat people and most of these are sick or wounded animals, that can no longer hunt large prey. Wild tigers are found mostly in India. Until the 1800’s many lived throughout most of the southern half of the continent.

 

Tigers are generally solitary, territorial animals, with the range of one male overlapping that of several females. Females in estrus spray pheromone-rich urine on trees and others natural "signposts", alerting nearby males to their reproductive status. Through loud moaning calls, the prospective mates find each other. Females give birth on average to two to three cubs (only one or two survive to maturity), and over the next several years teach them the hunting skills they will need to survive. At two to three years of age, the cubs establish their own territories. Daughters tend to settle near their mother, sons disperse greater distances.

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types of tigers

There are five tiger subspecies including the Indian or Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) - it is a powerful animal with very distinct markings. they .breed at any time of the year.

Siberian or Amur tiger (Panthera tigris altaica) - It is the largest type of all tigers, with an average length of 2.8 meters. It is some what pale in colour having fever stripes and a longer and thicker coat in winter. They have their cubs during the spring.

Sumatran tiger(Panthera tigris sumatrae)

South China tiger (Panthera tigris amoyensis)

Indochinese tiger (Panthera tigris corbetti)

There are 3 extinct subspecies, the

Bali tiger (Panthera tigris balica)

Javan tiger (Panthera tigris sondaicus)

Caspian tiger (Panthera tigris virgat)


White Tigers.

All the white tigers we know of are a color variation of Bengal tigers. White tigers are only born to parents that both carry the recessive gene for white coloring. Wild white tigers are very rare, and today they can only be seen in zoos. The white tigers are neither albinos (in which case they would have pink eyes), nor a separate species; they have chocolate stripes and blue eyes, although several variations in eye and stripe color are seen. The first mutant 'white' cub is believed to be the one trapped by the Maharaja of Rewa, who found it orphaned in the jungle in 1951. Named Mohan, the cub was later . mated to a normal-colored captive tigress who produced three litters with normal coloring. A few years later, Mohan mated with one of the offspring, producing the first litter of white cubs-these were to be the ancestors of others now in many zoos the world over.

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distribution

Tigers used to range over much of Asia. There were eight separate sub-species. At the beginning of the l9th Century there were about 100,000 tigers in the world. Today the outlook for the Tiger is very bleak. Although no thorough census has been conducted, it is estimated the world population of tigers is less than 8,000.

 

Subspecies
Distribution
Number in the Wild
Number listed in Captivity
Caspian Tiger

 

Caspain Sea region of the former USSR, Iran and Afganistan
Extinct, last one shot in 1959
0
Indian or Bengal Tiger
India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan.
3000 - 5300
181 in 31 collections
Indo-Chinese or Corbett's Tiger
Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Myanamar, Malaysia
800 - 1400
17 in 4 collections
Siberian Tiger
Siberia in Russia, north east China and maybe North Korea.
Less than 250
652 in 208 collections
South Chinese or Amoy Tiger
China
Extinct in the wild
47 in 20 Chinese collections
Sumatran Tiger
Sumatra in Indonesia
400 - 500
195 in 64 collections

Javan Tiger

Java in Indonesia
Extinct, last seen in 1971
0

 

Bali Tiger Extinct,

 

Bali in Indonesia
last one shot in 1937
0

 

 

 

 
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taxonomy

Kingdom -- Animalia

Subkingdom -- Metazoa

Phylum -- Chordata

Sub phylum -- Vertebrata

Class -- Mammalia

Sub class -- Theria

Infraclass -- Eutheria

Order -- Carnivore

Suborder -- Fissipedia

Infraorder -- Eutheria

Superfamily -- Feloridea

Family -- Felidae

Genus -- Panthera

Species -- tigris

 

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tiger habitat

Its habits and inclination limit tiger in its choice of a habitat by its physical make up. Climate was no obstruction to its migration provided it could find shelter from the heat. Forest gives the shelter to the tiger and where there is forest there is water to quench its insistent thirst. Forest also makes assemblage of large herbivorous animals which the tiger must have for food, and within forest it finds ample cover for its secretive methods of hunting and its seclusive habit of life. Tigers live in a great range of habitats, essentially requiring sufficient prey populations, adequate cover to stalk or ambush, and access to water. Tigers may live in northern latitudes in snowy mountain hardwood forests, monsoon or seasonally deciduous forests, or in tropical rainforests.

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